As one of the U.S.’s premier energy companies, Southern Company is committed to providing a safe work environment for employees. It regularly implements best-in-class safety procedures to ensure compliance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) guidelines.
Switching from Tagout to Lockout-Tagout Program
To improve overall employee safety across plants and facilities, leaders at Southern Company Generation decided to switch from a tagout-based safety program to a lockout-tagout (LOTO) program. After reaching out to colleagues in the utility industry and understanding their safety programs, Southern Company concluded it could improve overall safety by implementing a LOTO program that included lockout devices that prevent the start-up of machinery while maintenance activities are occurring.
Criteria for switching to a LOTO program included finding a partner that had:
■ The ability to support large-scale operations.
■ A safety product portfolio that supports various utility maintenance tasks, including maintenance on electric, gas, and power equipment.
■ Identification methods that make lockout equipment distinguishable for employees in different departments.
David Whitman, hydro operations and maintenance manager for Georgia Power (a Southern Company subsidiary), was tasked with implementing the LOTO program across 95 facilities within the company’s network of subsidiaries, including Southern Company Generation, Southern Power, and Southern Company Gas. He partnered with The Master Lock Company based on the company’s reputation for providing end-to-end safety solutions and services. Master Lock worked closely with him to evaluate Southern Company’s safety needs, and it made recommendations on lockout devices and safety padlocks to increase the efficiency and safety of maintenance tasks.
The solutions and procedures that follow were put in place to address Southern Company’s safety challenges.
Access to Lockout Equipment. While a tagout solution is an approved procedure under OSHA regulations for the utility industry, lockout provides an added layer of safety by providing a keyed mechanical solution that prevents unexpected start-up of machinery or equipment. By combining procedures into a LOTO program—one that involves both lockout and tagout—employees are better able to recognize when maintenance is taking place, while providing workers with the peace of mind that the equipment will remain de-energized until the lockout device is removed using their key.
To implement LOTO across its generating facilities, Southern Company evaluated all areas where tagout was previously applied and determined the number of physical lockout devices needed across facilities. More than 170,000 safety products were ordered as a result, including Master Lock safety padlocks, group lock boxes (Figure 1), and other LOTO devices, making it easier for employees to access lockout equipment and perform LOTO procedures.
1. Lockout-tagout programs use safety padlocks, group lock boxes, and other safety devices to ensure equipment is de-energized properly and remains out of service for the duration of maintenance. Courtesy: The Master Lock Company
Increasing Safety Efficiency. In time-intensive industries, such as power and gas utilities, it is important for companies to maintain efficiency when conducting LOTO procedures. With more than 170,000 safety devices being implemented across 95 facilities throughout Southern Company, this meant finding safety solutions that kept lockout devices organized and readily available; were identifiable by work department or maintenance task; and ensured any new padlocks ordered would not create a key duplication situation within the facility, thus maintaining the “one person, one lock, one key” accepted practice.
To maintain efficiency across Southern Company’s facilities, Master Lock recommended the following solutions:
■ Organizing safety devices with newly-developed group lock boxes.
■ Easy identification with color-coded and engraved safety padlocks.
■ Managing safety padlocks via key charting.
Organizing Safety Devices. Understanding the need to keep its thousands of safety padlocks organized and readily available for employees, Southern Company sought a solution that requires minimal floor space and made it easy for employees to identify which keys are in-use during group lockout. To solve the safety challenge, Master Lock developed a new group lock box that features a clear, impact-resistant window that allows workers to see keys secured inside the box during group lockout (Figure 2). With its stackable, portable design, Southern Company is now able to make lockout equipment readily available where work is being done without taking up floor space and can easily transport equipment to other LOTO areas when needed, increasing efficiency.
2. Group lock boxes can be easily transported to jobsites. Impact-resistant windows allow workers to see the keys secured inside the box. Courtesy: The Master Lock Company
Easy Identification. To designate padlocks specifically to an assigned maintenance person or group, Southern Company decided to implement Master Lock’s color-coded safety padlocks. Using six different padlock colors, the safety padlocks provided Southern Company with visual recognition of the function and purpose of each padlock.
For example, red safety padlocks were chosen specifically for locking out energy sources, while blue padlocks were assigned to individual employees who perform LOTO across multiple facilities. Additionally, padlocks are laser engraved to designate specific departments and facilities that own the locks. The laser engraving information also includes key numbers and other information that allows Southern Company to keep the locks organized and allows for easy replacement, if needed.
Key Charting. Due to the sheer volume of padlocks deployed throughout Southern Company, Master Lock used its key charting system to manage key codes within facilities, and in the case of personal locks, across the entire network of Southern Company facilities. Master Lock’s key charting system helps to mitigate any unwanted key duplication within each facility.
Employee Training. As part of the LOTO implementation, Southern Company conducted training for employees across its 95 facilities. The three-day training ensured each employee involved in relevant utility maintenance tasks was trained on LOTO procedures and able to perform maintenance tasks using lockout devices.
After implementing LOTO procedures across its facilities, Southern Company improved employee access to lockout equipment and ultimately created a safer work environment for its employees. Specific results include:
■ Improved Employee Safety. Lockout devices provide an extra layer of safety when performing maintenance tasks, improving overall safety for employees.
■ More Uniform and Consistent Application of Lockout. All necessary equipment is quickly and easily accessible. Employees across all facilities were trained on how to use the devices in conducting lockout procedures.
■ Customer Satisfaction. Southern Company rated overall satisfaction of Master Lock’s safety products and services 4.9 out of 5 stars.
“It was important for Southern Company to implement a LOTO program that ensures the safety of our workers while maintaining operational efficiency and excellence,” Whitman said. “Thanks to Master Lock’s safety expertise and reliable lockout products, we were able to implement a best-practice LOTO program that improved employee access to lockout devices, maintained operational efficiency, and created an even safer work environment for our employees. Master Lock has proven to be a great safety partner and I’d recommend their safety products and services to utility companies of any size looking to implement a LOTO program.”
—Bill Belongea is Safety Services Program Manager at The Master Lock Company.