In 2021, a 260-meter high solar tower is set to rise in the Emirate of Dubai and, when the thousands of mirrors of its solar field turn to face to its summit, they will light up a CMI Energy receiver.
The Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum solar park, named after the Emir of Dubai, is one of the world’s largest renewable energy projects and forms part of Dubai’s ambitious strategic vision of reaching 75%-use of renewable energy by 2050. For a total investment of 50 billion dirhams (approx. 12 billion euros), the plant will have an installed capacity of 5000 MW in 2030.
In comparison, the Bouchain power plant (France), representative of the latest generations of combined cycle thermal power plants, has a capacity exceeding 600 MW, whereas an average nuclear reactor has a 900 MW output, while a large wind turbine averages between 2 and 5 MW.
Launched in 2013, this energy park project currently comprises three sections (phase 1, 2 and 3) dedicated to photovoltaic power (PV), the well-known solar panel technology that directly converts solar energy into electricity. The first stone of “phase 4” was laid in March 2018; with the difference that, this time, it is dedicated to Concentrated Solar Power (CSP).
Electricity production 24 hours a day
Unlike PV, CSP absorbs solar energy into a heat transfer fluid (here molten salts) reaching very high temperatures (560+°C). This fluid then feeds equipment that produces steam at high temperature and pressure, which in turn rotates a turbine and its alternator, thereby generating electricity. Today, CSP brings with it a significant advantage; it allows large-scale energy storage to be more competitive than PV technology. In point of fact, molten salts at high temperature are accumulated in enormous tanks at the base of the tower, enabling an energy reserve that is sufficient to feed the power station during the night and, thereby enabling it to operate 24 hours a day!
An ultramodern heat exchanger
Phase 4 of this project is to include, among other things, a 100 MW solar tower. This huge concrete tower will have thousands of mirrors mounted on motorised supports at its base, spread over several square kilometres, constantly shifting their orientation in relation to the movement of the sun, so as to reflect, at every moment, its rays onto the summit of the tower, where the central CMI receiver will be positioned; an ultra-modern heat exchanger able to absorb gigantic energy flows from all these mirrors, and transfer them into molten salts.
This solar receiver is an impressive metal cylinder more than thirty metres high and with a diameter of more than 20 metres. Molten salts continuously circulate around its periphery, in special alloy tubes designed to withstand the infernal temperatures imposed by the solar flux coming from the mirrors below. Inside is a complex system of piping and tanks riddled with temperature and pressure probes, and maintenance platforms and other access ladders that will enable the teams in charge of running and maintaining the power plant to get to any point within it. The installation as a whole shall be supported by a tailor-made, solid metal structure weighing over 1,500 metric tons.
Project of the year
This gigantic 4th phase, better known as the “DEWA project”, after the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority, the Dubai authority at the centre of this great project, is unquestionably the project of the year for the global CSP industry. During the past 18 months, the industry’s titans have clashed to obtain this flagship project worth over 14 billion dirhams (over 3.3 billion euros). ACWA Power finally won the contract, shattering all the price records for CSP produced energy.
ACWA Power is one of the world’s largest developers of CSP solar power plants, especially when looking at the Noor 1, 2 and 3 power plants currently under construction in Morocco. ACWA Power has worked in collaboration with the Chinese group Shanghai Electric (SEC), in the role of EPC contractor (Engineering Procurement and Construction), on the DEWA project which is being offered at an unbeatable price.
Shanghai Electric is a large integrated equipment manufacturing group specializing in energy and industrial equipment and integration services.
A marathon full of new developments
In early 2017, CMI Energy began working on this project with a view to winning the contract for the tower’s central receiver. A real marathon for CMI Energy, which has linked its offers together by constantly refining its design and optimising costs. In October 2018, the race intensified, finally closing in style with Shanghai Electric’s signature at the bottom of the contract with CMI.
Looking to the future
Beyond the flamboyant reference it provides to CMI and which strengthens its commercial position, this contract gives it the opportunity to forge close links with the leaders of the CSP industry. The Shanghai Electric group is an essential partner in China’s CSP market. Now, the country is set to launch a new wave of 3000+ MW projects in 2019. The CMI Energy sales team is following the programmes closely.