Asset data is crucial in the power generation industry. Without it, utilities are forced to speculate about how long their assets will last, when they will need repair, and which strategies will maximize plant efficiency. With it, plant owners have the tools to drive down operational and maintenance costs while ensuring highly reliable power delivery.
Strategic Power Systems Inc. (SPS) is one company that has helped power plant owners, operators, and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) in the power industry make better-informed business decisions on the performance and operational readiness of their equipment. SPS collects data from operating power plants, field service technicians, independent power producers, and independent service providers to the energy industry. It uses that data to deliver unbiased, third-party, industry standard performance metrics and benchmarking statistics. Its operational reliability analysis program (ORAP) and ORAP database offer a wide variety of detailed performance data.
Importance of Data
Databases of historical and real-time operational data like ORAP offer plant operators and maintenance personnel the tools and data they need to predict equipment performance and manage the reliability and maintainability of their capital-intensive equipment. This capability pays multiple dividends. For example, one part of SPS’s service tracks spare parts and records how old the parts are in operational age, how many times they’ve been repaired, and at what cost.
“A large fleet of assets might have tens of millions of dollars worth of spare parts,” said Tom Christiansen, senior vice president for SPS. “If that customer can save 10% in parts cost by managing their usage more efficiently, there is a big return on their investment.”
As market conditions change and technologies evolve, however, so too do the needs of the power industry. Initially, SPS compiled performance data in Excel files in a time-consuming and error-prone process. Today’s markets demand a more efficient data collection process and more accurate results.
So, SPS formed a partnership with OSIsoft and MapEx Performance Monitoring to deliver a new level of data-driven solutions to the energy market, allowing intelligent data-driven decisions. OSIsoft’s PI System collects, analyzes, visualizes, and shares time-series data from multiple sources. MapEx adds state-of-the-art heat balance analysis and thermal performance evaluation to the SPS reliability database.
Working together, the three firms are taking advantage of automated data capture and transformation; advanced analytics; reliability, availability, and maintainability (RAM) benchmarking; and thermal performance monitoring to help customers minimize manual work, enhance data accuracy and fidelity, and gain timely access to performance metrics. A detailed operational history, including thermal performance, plays a key role in evaluating equipment condition and in setting maintenance intervals.
Linking Data to Decisions
In the past, it was difficult to correlate reliability with thermal performance because the data often resided in disparate databases. One of the most labor-intensive tasks in performing data analytics for reliability analysis is the effort to create a consistent set of data to submit to the analysis.
MapEx performance monitoring software uses the PI System’s Asset Framework to access measured data from multiple gas turbines at multiple sites without the need to know how the data was collected, the tag names, or the units of measure used at the sites. MapEx can calculate complex performance parameters, such as corrected power, heat rate, compressor efficiency, inlet airflow, and firing temperature, using identical analytics for each site. It can then report the results in the format that is familiar to the site. At the same time, an asset manager is able to pull up results for all sites in the same units of measure to simplify analysis.
For example, Figure 1 shows MapEx-calculated baseload firing temperatures over three months for two gas turbines at the same site. The firing temperature of one of the engines decreased approximately 7F during the period.
1. Data-driven assessments. The firing temperature of a site’s two gas turbines was tracked for a period of time. The decrease in Unit 2’s firing temperature, shown on this graph, presented management with a decision point. Source: MapEx
This small drop in firing temperature degraded power performance by about 3 MW and increased heat rate by about 100 Btu/kWh. On the other hand, the lower temperatures reduce blade life consumption rate by about 10% according to the Larson-Miller relationship developed by GE. With this information, plant operators can decide to adjust the firing temperature control to recover performance or to operate at the lower firing temperature and lengthen maintenance intervals.
Plant operators save time by expending less manual labor in the data exchange process. Rather than dedicate a specific person to data reporting, the control system captures data automatically. Customers are able to respond to requests for data in minutes from any site using the same system. Questions about data validity and quality of the results are virtually eliminated due to the use of standard analytics and the removal of human guesswork from the data collection process.
Connected Services Agreements
One key to achieving SPS’s monitoring goals was the use of OSIsoft’s PI System via a connected services agreement. That allows SPS to use the PI System to remotely collect and manage data on an asset owner’s equipment. With the PI System operating as an open data infrastructure, SPS can use it to collect, archive, and distribute real-time and historical process data in a single comprehensive format. Once the real-time data is collected and integrated with historical process data, experts at SPS use their experience and advanced skills to analyze the data and transfer it into actionable intelligence.
Typically, a connected services agreement has two aspects: a technical framework and a business agreement. Under the technical framework, the agreement allows a service provider, such as SPS, to use its expert analytical and management skills to develop new data-driven services or enhance existing offerings. With the business agreement, service providers can work with multiple clients and distribute data to multiple stakeholders. Service providers, such as OEM aftermarket service teams, operations and maintenance service providers, and plant engineering and design consultants, can use a highly secure network that supports the use of more than 400 standard interfaces to remotely collect data from client-based assets.
The service provider uses the PI System to collect, analyze, visualize, and store real-time sensor-based operational data. Usually the system is housed in a remote management and diagnostic center alongside data center servers, networks, and storage assets, or in the cloud. It functions as an archive and central source of operating data and OSIsoft’s Asset Framework (Figure 2) is used to support simple, hierarchical access to real-time and contextual data. This capability allows service providers to implement analytics for asset management, troubleshooting, and predictive analysis, as well as to set up notifications and alerts.
2. Arranging assets. The PI System’s Asset Framework offers an easy-to-navigate, hierarchical format for finding and sharing data. Courtesy: OSIsoft
Flowserve, a global manufacturer of pumps, valves, and seals, uses a connected service model to monitor customer systems in the field. The company’s IPS wireless system collects temperature, pressure, and vibration data and feeds it through the PI System. Flowserve engineers can then apply their OEM product knowledge to carefully analyze asset performance to prevent potential equipment failures, boost reliability, and improve availability, all while managing costs.
Another example of a connected service subscriber is eMotorWerks, a maker of cloud-based, smart grid electric vehicle (EV) charging platforms. Integrated into eMotorWerks’ EV charging platform, a PI System uses connected services to combine sensor-based data from eMotorWerks’ network of JuiceBox charging stations with data from electrical utilities and independent system operators (ISOs). JuiceBox users can access an overview of charging loads and real-time grid conditions used in the JuiceNet load dispatch algorithms to easily determine the status of their charging stations.
The business side of the connected services agreement offers a number of financial advantages. For example, SPS gains the flexibility to operate on what OSIsoft calls a “pay-as-you-grow” basis. Agreements usually last from two to five years. The monthly cost of the agreement is driven by a number of factors, including the service provider’s business forecast and technology ramp, as well as each end customer’s asset types and sizes. That gives the service provider the opportunity to add new services for customers as they are needed rather than incurring high upfront capital costs for capabilities customers may not require.
“We are in the software-as-a-service business,” explained Sal DellaVilla, CEO of SPS. “We have a menu of modules. That means customers can select new offerings as they grow.”
Plant Operator Reaps Benefits
Recently, one of SPS’s customers began utilizing the PI System infrastructure, combined with ORAP data transformation and analytic capabilities and MapEx’s thermal performance software, to improve availability, reliability, and thermal performance. The company operates three combined cycle gas turbine power stations in Texas. Its goal was to maximize power production across the company’s operating fleet while mitigating technical risks.
Prior to implementation of the new system, the process of collecting, analyzing, and reporting data represented virtually a second full-time job for operations and maintenance personnel. Each plant used different processes and personnel to perform the workload, and in each plant the job of gathering and documenting the required information took approximately 40 hours a week.
The new system is highly secure. As shown in Figure 3, data flows directly from the asset owner’s PI System through a secure node as part of their infrastructure into PI Cloud Connect. Data then goes through another secure node and into SPS’s PI System. Once at SPS, the data is run through customer transformation algorithms and an engineering data validation process. The algorithms process the raw data into information for each application the customer has selected.
By combining the real-time data management capability with the benchmarking and analytics capabilities, the client is now able to make informed, data-driven decisions that both contribute to the bottom line and provide a distinct advantage in the marketplace. Today all of the power plants collect data in a standardized, consistent manner. And by automating the process, the new system has dramatically reduced data collection requirements for plant staff.
As a result, all stakeholders now have greater confidence in the validity of the data. Moreover, by utilizing ORAP Asset Insight services, power plant managers can measure operational readiness and thermal performance, perform compliance reporting, reduce costly unplanned downtime, and maximize parts life and repair capability. ■
—Enrique Herrera is market principal, connected services and new markets with OSIsoft in San Leandro, Calif.